Monday, September 17, 2018

Increased gamma brainwave amplitude

Compared to control in three different meditation traditions. Continuing this post, from this article:

"Generally, our results are consistent with a limited number of previous studies demonstrating an enhanced 25–45 Hz gamma power in long-term practitioners. Higher occipital 35–45 Hz gamma activity was previously observed as a specific state effect in Vipassana meditators while meditating compared to a control condition of instructed mind-wandering similar to the one we used [17]. Another recent report showed that Vipassana/open awareness practitioners exhibited increased posterior 25–45 Hz gamma activity as both a trait and state effect of meditation [18]. Tibetan Buddhist meditators practicing non-referential compassion meditation also showed increased 25–42 Hz gamma power compared to control subjects as both a trait and state effect [16]. Increased gamma power (25–40 Hz) over parieto-occipital areas was also found in Tibetan Buddhist meditators as a meditation trait effect during NREM sleep [19]. Finally, both Ferrarelli et al. [19] and Hauswald et al. [20] report positive correlations between gamma power and the length of lifetime meditation, with Hauswald et al.’s results including the high gamma range (>60 Hz) [20]."

"In the light of this literature, we suggest that the trait parieto-occipital increase in high gamma we observe in meditators is a marker of an overall attentive state, the parietal cortex being associated with the focus of attention on a given object. [...] The gamma activity observed in the frontal areas of meditators relative to non-meditators might thus be related to more top-down control of attention, mediated by frontal cortical engagement and/or engagement of working memory processes. This top-down control may be exerted in order to redirect the attention towards the meditation task (for example in case of mind-wandering episodes) and to exert meta-cognitive processes in the observation of distracting internal (thoughts outside of present moment awareness) and external (discomfort, pain) stimuli." 

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.